Carl H. Lindner College of BusinessCarl H. Lindner College of BusinessUniversity of Cincinnati

Carl H. Lindner College of Business

Martin Levy, PhD

Professor Emeritus
Contact Information
E-mail:
Office:
106 Carl H. Lindner Hall
Phone:
513-556-7120
Fax:
513-556-5499
Teaching Interest
  • Applied statistics
Research Interest
  • Prediction Analysis, Sample Survey Methods and Theory, Multivariate Statistics, Statistical Inference, Linear Models Theory and Applications
History

Institution:
Department of Quantitative Analysis and Operations Management,University of Cincinnati
Title:
Professor


Institution:
Department of Mathematics and Statistics.University of Nebraska-Lincoln
Title:
Assistant Professor
End Date:
1985-05-31


Institution:
Kansas State University Statistics Department
Title:
Graduate teaching assistant
End Date:
1982-08-31


Institution:
State University of New York at Binghamton
Title:
Graduate teaching assistant
End Date:
1976-05-31


Assignments

Description
I am the Chief
Dates:
2007-01-01 - 2007-12-31



Awards | Honors

Organization:
Jewish Community Foundation of Greater Phoenix, Inc.
Name:
Michael L. Dean Award for Excellence in Graduate Teaching
Year Received:
2012


Education

Institution:
Kansas State University
Major:
Statistics
Completed:
1982
Degree:
Ph D


Institution:
SUNY Binghamton
Major:
Mathematics
Completed:
1973
Degree:
MA


Institution:
SUNY Stony Brook
Major:
Physics
Completed:
1969
Degree:
BS


Published Contributions

Samir Hasan, Fleckenstein Cassie, Martin Levy,  (2011). Chondrolysis of the Glenohumeral Joint: Level of Evidence and Additional Analyses. Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery, .


Yann Ferrand, Chris Kelton, Jeff Guo, Martin Levy, Yan Yu,  (2011). Using Intervention Analysis to Understand U.S. Medicaid Expenditure on Antidepressant Drugs. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy, 64-80.


Yann Ferrand, Chris Kelton, Guo Jianfei, Martin Levy, Yan Yu,  (2011). Using time-series intervention analysis to understand U.S. Medicaid expenditures on antidepressant agents. Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy, 64-80.


 Cates,  Gladin,  Janek, Martin Levy,  (2011). Knee injuries and the efficacy of knee bracing in off-road motorcycling. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 1395-1400.


D. Wen, Martin Levy, Y. Li,  (2010). An application of Bayes Estimation Under Bounded Asymmetric BLINEX Loss: Direct Mail Decision Problem. American Journal of Mathematical and Management Sciences, .


Samir Hasan, Martin Levy, M Moller,  Zambelli-Weiner, Frank Noes,  (2010). Postarthroscopic glenhumerl chondrolysis revisited. American Journal of Sports Medicine, .


Yann Ferrand, Chris Kelton, Jianfei Guo, Martin Levy, Yan Yu,  ,  ,  ,  ,  (2010). Using Intervention Analysis to Understand U.S. Medicaid Expenditure on Antidepressant Drugs. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy, .


T Byczkowski, Martin Levy,  ,  (2009). Effects of a Many-to-Many Frame Structure on the Estimate of a Population Total: An Analytic Investigation. Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference , .


S. Golnabi, Martin Levy, J Cochran,  (2009). Finitizing power series distributions. Statistics and Probability Letters, .


B. Rill, C Fleckenstein, Martin Levy, S. Hasan,  (2009). Non-operative and operative treatment of adhesive capsulitis: Results in 99 consecutive patients of the shoulder: Outcome of Operative and Non-Operative treatment. Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery, .


D. Singh, W. Park, Martin Levy,  (2009). Obesity effect on perceived postural stress during static posture maintenance tasks. Journal of Ergonomics, 1169 – 1182.


Martin Levy,  (2009). The effects of obesity and standing time on postural sway during prolonged quiet standing. Journal of Egronomics, .


Devender Singh, Martin Levy, Woojin Park,  (2009). "Obesity does not reduce maximum acceptable weights of lift”, . Applied Ergonomics, 1 -7.


Martin Levy, J Cochran, Jeff Camm,  (2008). Bayesian Coverage Optimization Models. Journal of Combinatorial Optimization, .


G Boivin, Martin Levy, A Sklenka,  (2006). Effect of age on collagen fibril diameter in rabbit patellar tendon repair. Comparative Medicine, .


V Nirmalanandhan, Martin Levy, A Huth, D Butler,  (2006). Effects of cell seeding density and collagen concentration on contraction kinetics of msc-seeded collagen constructs. Tissue Engineering, 1865-72.


J Dhearn, Martin Levy, E Grood, F Noyes,  (2006). One- and two-strand posterior cruciate ligament reconstructions: Cyclic fatigue testing. Journal of Orthopedic Research, 958-963.


H Schwartz, Martin Levy, M Matava, F Proch, C Butler, A Ratcliffe, D Butler,  (2006). The Effect of Gamma Irradiation on Anterior Cruciate Ligament Allograft Biomechanical and Biochemical Properties in the Caprine Model at Time Zero and at 6 Months After Surgery. Americal Journal of Sports Medicine, 1747.


S Hunter, Martin Levy, F Noyes, B Haridas, D Butler,  (2005). Meniscal material properties are minimally affected by matrix stabilization using glutaraldehyde and glycation with ribose. Journal of Orthopaedic Research, .


Martin Levy, T Byczkowski,  (2005). Planning a Sample Survey with a Many-To-Many Frame Structure: An Empirical Investigation of the Effects of Frame Imperfections on Estimates of Population Totals. Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference, .


Martin Levy, D Wen,  (2004). Algorithms for fitting BLINEX loss parameters. Communications in Statistics: Computation and Simulation, .


J Shearn, Martin Levy, E Grood, F Noyes,  (2004). Two-Bundle Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: How Bundle Tension Depends on Femoral Placement. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 1262-1270.


M Galloway, Martin Levy, E Grood, J Mehalik, S Saddler, F Noyes,  (2003). Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: An In Vivo Study of Femoral and Tibial Graft Placement. The American Journal of Sports Medicine , .


Martin Levy,  (2003). Subject variation in caprine anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. J Orthop Res, .


Martin Levy,  (2003). The effects of graft width and graft laxity on the outcome of caprine anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. J Orthop Res, .


Martin Levy,  (2003). The effects of matrix stabilization using glutaraldehyde on the material properties of porcine meniscus. Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, .


Martin Levy,  (2003). The role of the popliteofibular ligament and the tendon of popliteus in providing stability in the human knee. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery , 292-298.


Martin Levy,  (2001). Admissibility of Bayes Estimates under BLINEX Loss for the Normal Mean Problem. Communications in Statistics: Theory and Methods, .


Martin Levy,  (2000). Two-Bundle Posterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction:An In vitro Analysis of Graft Placement and Tension. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 833-834.


Martin Levy,  (1999). A Degree of Freedom Calibration of Kullback-Leibler Divergence. Communications in Statistics - Theory and Methods, .


Martin Levy,  (1999). Error Bound Comparisons for Aggregation/Disaggregation Techniques Applied to the Transportation Problem. Computers in Operations Research, .


Martin Levy,  (1999). The Effect of Once Daily, High Dose Gentamicin in the Treatment of Open Fractures: A Randomized, Prospective Study. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research, .


Susan Norman, David Rogers, Martin Levy,  (1999). Error Bound Comparisons for Aggregation/Disaggregation Techniques Applied to the Transportation Problem. Computers and Operations Research, Special Issue on Aggregation and Disaggregation for Operations Research, 1003-1014.


Martin Levy,  (1998). Estimation in Sample Surveys Using Frames with a Many-to-Many Structure. Survey Methodology, 21-30.


Martin Levy,  (1998). The Influence of Sensor Size on the Accuracy of In-Vivo Ligament and Tendon Force Measurement. The Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, .


Martin Levy,  (1997). Analysis of Levene's Test in the Case of Design Imbalance. The Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 227-236.


Martin Levy,  (1997). The Posterior Cruciate Ligament in Total Knee Arthoplasty. The Journal of Arthoplasty, 869-879.


Martin Levy,  (1996). Goodness of Prediction Fit for the Multivariate Linear Models. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 19, 443, 191-197 .


Martin Levy,  (1996). On Consistency of Some Predicting Densities for the Multivariate Linear Model. Mathematical Methods of Statistics,5,4,, 491-504.


Martin Levy,  (1996). Open Fractures of the Tibia in Children. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 1039-1047.


Martin Levy,  (1996). Optimal Control Using Predicting Densities for the Multivariate Linear Model. Communications in Statistics: Theory and Methods, .


James Evans, A Fadlalla, Martin Levy,  (1995). Improving the Performance of Enumerative Search Methods, Part II: Computational Experiments. Computers and Operations Research, 987-994.


James Evans, A Fadlalla, Martin Levy,  (1994). A Greedy Heuristic for the Mean Tardiness Sequencing Problem. Computers and Operations Research, 329-336.


D Glos, Martin Levy, D Butler, E Grood,  (1993). In Vitro Evaluation of an Implatable Force Transducer in a Patellar Tendon Model. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, .


D Oster, Martin Levy, E Grood, S Feder, D Butler,  (1992). Primary and Coupled Motion in the Intact and the ACL-Deficient Knee: An In Vitro Study in the Goat Model. Journal of Orthopedic Research, .


E Grood, Martin Levy, K Walz-Hasselfeld, J Holden, F Noyes, D Butler, W Jackson, D Drez,  (1992). The Correlation Between Anterior-Posterior Translation and Cross-Sectional Area of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstructions. Journal of Orthopedic Research, 878-885.


D Butler, Martin Levy, Y Guan, M Kay, J Cummings, S Feder,  (1991). Location-Dependent Variations in the Material Properties of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament. Journal of Biomechanics, .


Martin Levy, C Hsu,  (1990). An Algorithm for the Distribution of the Ratio of Generalized Variances. Communications in Statistics - Computations and Simulations, .


M Gibbons, Martin Levy, D Butler, E Grood, F Noyes, D Bylski-Austrow,  (1990). Effects of Gamma Irradiation on the Initial Material Properties of a Goat Bone-Patellar Tendon-Bone Allografts. Journal of Orthopedic Research, .


D Butler, Martin Levy, M Sheh, D Stouffer, V Samaranayake,  (1990). Surface Strain Variations in Human Patellar Tendon and Knee Cruciate Ligaments. Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, .


Martin Levy, J Neill,  (1990). Testing for Lack of Fit in Linear Multiresponse Models Based on Exact or Near Replicates. Communications in Statistics - Theory and Methods, .


Martin Levy, V Samaranayake,  (1988). Fixed Width Interval Estimation for the Multiple Response Calibration Problem. Sequential Analysis, .


Martin Levy, C Hsu, J Neill,  (1988). The Distribution of the Ratio of Independent Central Wishart Determinants. Communications in Statistics - Theory and Methods, .


Martin Levy,  (1987). A Numerical Comparison of Some Prediction Densities for the Normal Linear Model. Computational Statistics and Data Analysis, .


Martin Levy, S Perng,  (1986). A Note on the Consistency of the Modified Fisher Prediction Function. Journal of Statistical Planning and Inference, .


Martin Levy, S Perng,  (1986). An Optimal Prediction Function for the Normal Linear Model. Journal of The Americal Statistical Association, 393.


Martin Levy,  (1985). A Note on Non-unique MLE's and Sufficient Statistics. The Americal Statistician, .


Martin Levy, R Kindermann,  (1984). A Condition for Best Asymptotic Normality in a regular Family of Distributions. Communication in Statistics-Theory and Methods, 17.


Martin Levy, S Perng,  (1984). A Maximum Likelihood Prediction Function for the Linear Model with Consistency Results. Communications in Staticstic-Theory and Methods, 10.



Accepted Contributions

Martin Levy, James Cochran , Saeed Golnabi ,  (Accepted). A moment preserving finitization over the power series family of distributions. Communications in Statistics - Theory and Methods.


Martin Levy,  (Accepted). BLINEX: A Bounded Asymmetric Loss Function with Application to Bayesian Estimation. Communications in Statistics: Theory and Methods.




Research in progress

Title:
"Adhesive capsulitis of the shoulder: Outcome of Operative and Non-Operative treatment"

Description:
Adhesive capsulitis or frozen shoulder is characterized by global deficits in both active and passive glenohumeral motion and often associated with systemic conditions such as diabetes. Our objectives were to evaluate the efficacy of operative and non-operative treatment of adhesive capsulitis and to determine predictors of unsatisfactory outcome.

Status:
On-Going

Research Type:
Scholarly


Title:
"Obesity effect on perceived postural stress during static posture maintenance tasks"


Status:
On-Going

Research Type:
Scholarly


Title:
A New Clinical Instrument for Measuring Internal and External Shoulder Rotation: Reliability and Early Findings in a Normal, Male Population


Status:
On-Going

Research Type:
Scholarly


Title:
Accelerated Simulation with Finitized Power Series Distributions


Status:
On-Going

Research Type:
Scholarly


Title:
Improved finitization of discrete distributions





Title:
Knee injuries and the efficacy of knee bracing in off-road motorcycling


Status:
On-Going

Research Type:
Scholarly


Title:
Matching finitized Distribution to the matching distributions


Status:
On-Going

Research Type:
Scholarly


Title:
On improving prediction accuracy of logistic regression using inequality constraints





Title:
On the statistical characteristics of coverage optimization based on a sample mean approach


Status:
On-Going

Research Type:
Scholarly


Title:
Using matrices to compare estimates of a population total under a many-to-many frame structure





Title:
“Do NIOSH recommended weight limits represent biomechanically safe load limits for obese workers?


Status:
On-Going

Research Type:
Scholarly


Title:
“Finitizing the Poisson Distribution”


Status:
On-Going

Research Type:
Scholarly


Title:
“Maximizing Coverage Based on Sample Data”,


Status:
On-Going

Research Type:
Scholarly


Presentations

Title:
The State vs the Teachers: The Role of Statistics in Uncovering Administrative Cheating on Tests
Organization:
American Statistical Association
Location:
San Diego, CA
Year:
2012


Title:
A MOMENT PRESERVING FINITIZATION OVER THE POWER SERIES DISTRIBUTIONS
Organization:
American Statistical Association
Location:
Miami, Florida
Year:
2011


Title:
Modeling Fatigue in Major League Relief Pitchers
Organization:
American Statistical Association
Location:
Vancouver, Canada
Year:
2010


Title:
Improving prediction accuracy of logistic regression
Organization:
American Statistical Association
Location:
Washington DC
Year:
2009


Title:
Constrained Maximum Likelihood Estimation for Logistic Regression
Location:
Denver, CO
Year:
2008


Title:
“Outcomes of Non-Operative and Operative Treatment for Adhesive Capsulitis”,
Location:
San Francisco, CA
Year:
2007


Title:
“Extensions of a Matrix Approach for Comparing Estimate Precision of a Population Total Under a Many-to-Many Frame Structure”
Organization:
American Statistical Association
Location:
Salt Lake City, UT
Year:
2007


Title:
“Forecasting U.S. Medicaid program expenditure on antidepressant drugs”,
Organization:
ISPOR
Location:
Arlington, VA
Year:
2007


Title:
Forecasting of Antidepressant Drug Utilization and Prices in U.S. Medicaid Programs
Organization:
International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
Location:
Arlington, Virginia USA
Year:
2007


Title:
The Frozen Shoulder: Operative and Non-Operative Treatment
Location:
Cincinnati, Ohio
Year:
2007


Title:
Forecasting of Antidepressant Drug Utilization and Prices in U.S. Medicaid Programs
Organization:
Ohio Pharmacists Association
Location:
Columbus, Ohio USA
Year:
2007


Title:
A Matrix Approach for Comparing Estimates of a Population Total under a Many-to-Many Frame Structure
Location:
Seattle, Washington
Year:
2006


Title:
Comparing Simulation Efficiency for Discrete Power Seriec Distributions with Their Finitized Counterparts
Location:
San Francisco
Year:
2005


Title:
Adventures with a Messy Frame: Estimation in Sample Surveys Using Frames with a Many-to-Many Structure
Organization:
Statistics Department
Location:
Kansas State University
Year:
2005


Title:
Accelerated Simulation using finitized power series distributions
Location:
Minneapolis
Year:
2005


Title:
Finitizing Power Series Distributions
Location:
Toronto, Canada
Year:
2004


Title:
Effect of age on collagen fibril diameter in rabbit patellar tendon repair
Organization:
Orthopaedic Research Society
Location:
Washington DC
Year:
2004


Title:
On the concept of statistical significance and power
Organization:
Cincinnati Spots Medicine Educational Foundation
Location:
Cincinnati, OH
Year:
2003


Title:
Web enhanced learning of statistical computational tools using Microsoft Excel
Location:
San Francisco, CA
Year:
2003


Title:
Web enhanced learning of statistical computational tools
Location:
Columbus, OH
Year:
2003


Title:
A demonstration of an automated module for the learning of statistical computational toold using Microsoft Excel
Organization:
University of Cincinnati
Location:
Cincinnati, OH
Year:
2003


Title:
Decision Thoeretic Approach to Selecting an Optimal Cut-off Score in Direct Marketing
Organization:
Ohio State University
Location:
Columbus, OH
Year:
2002


Title:
About p-values
Organization:
Cincinnati Spots Medicine Educational Foundation
Location:
Cincinnati, OH
Year:
2002


Title:
Application of BLINEX loss for choosing the optimal cut-off score in direct marketing using catalogue sales data
Location:
New York City
Year:
2002


Title:
Adventures with a Messy Sampling Frame
Organization:
Department of Decision Sciences
Location:
Miami University
Year:
2001


Title:
BLINEX: A bounded asymmetric loss function with applications to direct marketing strategic decision making
Organization:
Ohio State University
Location:
Columbus, OH
Year:
2001


Title:
Computational Issues Involving the Comparison of the ARC-Weight and Horvitz-Thompsom Estimators in Many-to-Many Frames
Location:
Atlanta, GA
Year:
2001


Title:
Bayesian Models for Stochastic Coverage Optimization
Organization:
Ohio State University
Location:
Columbus, OH
Year:
2000


Title:
Bayesian Predictive Models for the Optimal Covering Problem
Location:
Indianapolis
Year:
2000


Title:
An Application of Bounded Asymmetric Loss to a Decision Problem in Marketing
Location:
Cincinnati
Year:
1999


Title:
A Direct Mail Decision Problem: An Application of Statistical Decision Making Under Bounded Asymmetric BLINEX loss
Location:
Baltimore
Year:
1999


Title:
An Analysis of Baseball Hall of Fame Data
Location:
Baltimore
Year:
1999


Title:
Bayesian Formulation of the Optimal Cover Problem based upon a sample
Location:
Seattle
Year:
1998


Title:
A Bayesian Approach to Estimating the Solution to the Optimal Cover Problem based on Sample Data
Location:
Dallas
Year:
1998


Title:
The Precision and Bias of Estimates of a Poplulation Mean in Samples with a Many-to-Many Structure
Location:
Dallas
Year:
1998


Title:
Predisposing Factors for Arthrofibrosis After Total Knee Arthroplasty
Organization:
American Orthopeadic Association
Year:
1997


Title:
Bayesian Estimation Using Bounded Asymmetric Loss
Location:
San Diego, CA
Year:
1997


Title:
Introduction to the BLINEX Loss Function
Location:
Anaheim
Year:
1997


Title:
The Effects of Frame Imperfections on the Precision of Estimation in Sample with Many-to-Many Fram Structure
Location:
Anaheim
Year:
1997


Title:
The Influence of the Subject on the Outcome of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction
Organization:
Orthopaedic Research Society
Location:
Atlanta, GA
Year:
1996


Title:
Estimation in Sample Surveys Using Frames With a Many-to-Many Structure
Location:
Chicago, IL
Year:
1996


Title:
Effect of Cross Sectional Area on Anterior Cruciate Ligament Autograft Reconstruction
Organization:
Orthopaedic Research Society
Location:
Orlando, FL
Year:
1995


Title:
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction: Effect of Initial Autograft Size and Initial AP Translation
Location:
San Diego, California
Year:
1995


Title:
A Degree of Freedom Calibration of Kullback-Leibler Digergence
Location:
Orlando, FL
Year:
1995


Title:
Optimal Control Using Predicting Densities for the Multivariate Linear Model
Location:
Toronto, Canada
Year:
1994


Title:
A Two Stage Decision Theoretic Model for Selecting Sample Size in Sample Surveys
Location:
Washington D.C.
Year:
1993


Title:
Predictive Inference for Multivariate Linear Models with Applications
Organization:
Department of Math and Statistics
Location:
University of Missouri - Rolla
Year:
1993


Title:
A Modification to Levene's Test in Case of Design Imbalance
Location:
San Francisco
Year:
1993


Title:
An Optimal Prediction Density for the Multivariate Linear Model
Location:
San Francisco
Year:
1993


Title:
Mastering a Messy Sampling Frams: An Example From an Establishment Survey
Location:
San Francisco
Year:
1993


Title:
Diagnostics for Model Selection in Nonlinear Regression Based on the Concept of Closeness to Linearity Using SAS/IML Software
Location:
Honolulu, HI
Year:
1992


Title:
Bayesian Estimation in Gene Mapping
Location:
Boston
Year:
1992


Title:
On the Solution of the Gene Mapping Problem When the Mapping Function Can Be Expressed as a Convergent Power Series
Location:
Boston
Year:
1992


Title:
Using Nonlinear Methods to Summarize Dose Response Curves in Allergen Bronchoprovocation Tests
Location:
Boston
Year:
1992


Title:
The Impact of Consulting Experiences on Some Business Statistics Course Curricula
Location:
Louisville, KY
Year:
1992


Title:
In-vitro Evaluation of the Implantable Force Transducer in the Goat Patellar Tendon Model
Location:
Columbus, OH
Year:
1991


Title:
Statistical Inference for the Economic Order Quantity with Learning
Location:
Anaheim
Year:
1990


Title:
A Greedy Heuristic for the Mean Tardiness Sequencing Problem
Location:
Nashville
Year:
1990


Title:
Confidence Intervals for the Economic Order Quantity with Learning
Location:
Washington D.C.
Year:
1989


Title:
A Power Comparison of Three Lack of Fir Statistics in Multivariate Regression
Location:
New Orleans
Year:
1988


Title:
On the Distribution of Ratios of Independent Generalized Variances
Location:
San Francisco
Year:
1987


Title:
Fixed Width Intercal Estimation for the Multiple Response Calibration Problem
Location:
San Francisco
Year:
1987


Title:
The Distribution of Ratios of Independent Wishart Determinants
Location:
Cincinnati
Year:
1987


Title:
Prediction Densities and Their Applications
Organization:
Department of Mathematics and Statistics
Location:
University of Missouri-Rolla
Year:
1986


Title:
Methods of Testing Model Adequacy in Linear Statistical Models
Year:
1985


Title:
A Condition for Best Asymptotic Normality in a Regualr Family of Distributions
Organization:
Department of Mathematics
Location:
Texas Tech University
Year:
1984


Title:
Testing Lack of Fit with r-dimensional Responses
Location:
Philadelphia
Year:
1984


Title:
An Optimal Prediction Function for the Normal Linear Model
Location:
Toronto
Year:
1983